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Thierry Dosogne

ZIM (NYSE:ZIM) is a frontrunner within the built-in transport companies area and is at present buying and selling at a deep low cost to their estimated truthful worth. They’ve a number of tailwinds, minimal threat, and an advantageous enterprise mannequin that ought to drive their share worth larger over the subsequent yr.

Tailwind 1 – Pent Up Promoting Stress As a consequence of Subside

The primary tailwind for ZIM is centered across the exodus of their legacy shareholders. ZIM restructured in 2014 and Israel Corp possession was decreased right down to 32% and $1.4B of debt was exchanged for 68% fairness. It wasn’t till 7 years later that ZIM went public in a poorly executed providing the place they may promote just a few of their shares. The IPO solely raised $204mm (7% of 12/31/20 complete belongings) and ZIM was already near a web money place on the steadiness sheet thus this elevate seems to be a approach for shareholders to liquidate their positions and lock income slightly than enhance money for ZIM’s future plans. This later turned extra clear because the share lockup interval subsided and the promoting stress commenced. Danaos (DAC), Kenon Holdings (KEN), Deutsche Financial institution (DB), and KSAC had been the most important shareholders pre-IPO and have since bought over 32 million shares: Kenon 7M shares, Danaos 4M, Deutsche Financial institution 15M, and KSAC 5M. This promoting stress is unsustainable as a consequence of them beginning to run out of shares. KSAC and Deutsche Financial institution have bought out fully and Danaos and Kenon Holdings have bought off 44% and 21% of their shares respectively (in accordance with their newest quarterly reviews).

Tailwind 2 – Unknown to Identified

ZIM has been a publicly traded firm for lower than 2 years and continues to be proving out their transformational transport imaginative and prescient. Eli Glickman the CEO who joined ZIM in 2017 set out on a mission to rework ZIM from an antiquated shipper delivering one container to a different to an built-in, asset mild, buyer centered, technological and environmental chief. It’s also price noting Mr. Glickman is vested and convicted not solely in his phrases but in addition in his actions as he owns 1.4% of ZIM’s excellent shares.

As Mr. Glickman and ZIM proceed to execute the ZIM story will proceed to be extra well-known and accepted throughout the investor group. The outcomes are already beginning to shine via on the working flexibility, partnerships cast, premiums earned and technological investments made.

Tailwind 3 – Flexibility

To higher handle the fluctuations of the transport enterprise cycle, ZIM has adopted an asset-light mannequin and constitution’s particular person ships for 1-5 years. This enables them to increase, contract, and regulate to demand and new rules extra effectively than their friends.

For instance on January 1, 2023, a brand new set of environmental rules will come into impact which will drive their friends ships into early retirement and or to function at a slower pace. The Carbon Depth Indicator (CII) and Vitality Effectivity Current Ship Index (EEXI) estimate the TEU capability in containerships to be decreased by round 17% in 2023. These environmentally pleasant initiatives develop into extra restrictive as time goes on and ZIM’s brief time period charters enable them to adapt their fleet to the altering rules.

The pliability of charters additionally permits ZIM to regulate their fleet to fulfill prospects’ altering calls for. This has resulted in them rising from 87 to 149 vessels in 1.5 years and the current leasing of extra automobile carriers.

I view the chartering enterprise mannequin as a energy in the long run however it could be holding ZIM’s present valuation again within the brief time period. I say this as a result of the everyday transport commentary when freight charges enhance as that they had completed up to now couple years revolves round chartering charges rising as properly. The assumption being that when freight charges go up so do constitution charges (which is true) however chartering just isn’t the shippers main expense, cargo dealing with is. Cargo dealing with makes up nearly 50% of the prices, adopted by gasoline prices of 15-30% then adopted by constitution prices at 10-15%.

Tailwind 4 – Expertise Enhancements Focus

This leads us into extra of how ZIM continues to distinguish with their asset mild transport mannequin. As an alternative of specializing in ship possession, they’re centered on cargo dealing with. This may be seen of their ingenious technique of R&D. Fairly than doing their analysis solely in home they’ve invested in small and passionate groups (startups) of that are constructing options to most of the cargo dealing with operations greatest bills. For example ZIM owns a share of Hoopo which is concentrated on monitoring options with out the necessity for energy (container monitoring), Sodyo a scanning expertise enterprise (container scanning), Knowledge Science Consulting Group an AI instrument (to boost operations and profitability), and Wave BL a blockchain resolution to ship obtain and digitally signal paperwork (replaces the courier with expertise). There isn’t a greater and extra environment friendly solution to keep on the leading edge in my view than proudly owning and partnering with the folks creating and constructing the long run.

Tailwind 5 – Prospects and Partnerships

I consider ZIM makes use of their technological edge, asset mild mannequin and total forward-thinking imaginative and prescient to draw significant win-win relationships with their prospects and historic rivals. For instance, ZIM partnered with one of many largest world retailers, Alibaba (BABA). Alibaba now makes use of a service from ZIM Logistics China that integrates into Alibaba’s software program and permits their prospects to buy sea freight seamlessly via ZIM.

Together with connecting instantly with Alibaba’s prospects ZIM can supply extra transport choices than their 2% market share implies as a consequence of their partnership with Maersk (OTCPK:AMKBY) and MSC (the 2M alliance). The 2M alliance makes ZIM a part of the most important TEU alliance on the planet.

Shipping by TEU

TEU by Firm (Wikipedia)

Proof is In The Premium

ZIM’s tailwinds I discussed above: expertise, flexibility and partnerships are all in help of offering a premium transport service to their prospects. So if ZIM is executing their imaginative and prescient, we should always be capable to begin to see the premium service come via in larger comparative margins. To check the client premium I in contrast the $’s of income earned by the variety of Twenty Foot Equal Models (TEU’s) owned/chartered. To do that I took the overall TEUs from the publicly traded transport firms and divided them by their EBIT. The three firms I discovered and in comparison with ZIM had been Maersk, Matson, and Hapag. ZIM got here out forward of Maersk and Hapag (OTCPK:HPGLY) however was lower than Matson (MATX). That was initially regarding to my narrative however Matson’s premium is defined by their monopoly safety from the Jones Act. So if we examine ZIM to its publicly traded friends that compete within the open market their companies earned a 2x premium when it comes to EBIT/TEU. The outcomes are within the chart beneath.

$/TEU Comparison from HIT Investments

HIT Capital EBIT/TEU (HIT Capital)

Trade Tailwinds

On high of what seems to be ZIM’s long run and firm particular tailwinds there are just a few potential trade tailwinds that don’t appear to be included in most transport estimates. Worldwide Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), which represents greater than 22,000 West Coast port staff, and about 70 employers of the Pacific Maritime Affiliation (PMA) has been working with no contract since July 1, 2022. If there’s a strike, freight charges will enhance as a consequence of port congestion no matter international recession fears. If the strike doesn’t occur, there could also be a backside to freight charges within the close to future due to the alliances throughout the container transport area. Within the final transport downturn every shipper competed with one another all the way in which to chapter however with the brand new alliances they’re companions working collectively. This enables them to make the most of their ships extra effectively and creates a greater enterprise throughout the sector for these in an alliance like ZIM.

Tailwinds + Protected and Low-cost = Robust Purchase

To associate with the tailwinds, ZIM is buying and selling at a steep low cost to the market and their friends. I calculated ZIM’s EV/FCF, EV/OCF, EV/EBITDA, P/E, and P/S metrics beneath utilizing their trailing 12-month prices, 2022 earnings estimates, TTM earnings and for 2023 I used historic prices and estimated a discount in income as a consequence of freight charges declining from their TTM by 74%, 41% and 24%. The p.c decline relies on a 2023 FBX International Freight Index averaging 1500, 3500 and 4500. All of that are beneath the present FBX International Freight price of 4600 as we speak. ZIM’s worth is so low-cost that the EV is unfavourable in two of the three eventualities as a consequence of their money heavy steadiness sheet.

HIT Investments ZIM Valuations

ZIM Worth Metrics (HIT Capital)

ZIM’s Estimated Inventory Value Goal

On the lowest freight price of 1500, ZIM is unprofitable however since their present inventory worth is valued at lower than their anticipated EOY money steadiness (excluding leasing obligations), of which they’ll launch as buyer demand falls, and that they can earn a premium as in comparison with their friends, I really feel their threat of working and staying within the crimson is minimal. Thus I put ZIM’s low inventory worth estimate at their EOY money worth of $41. ZIM’s base and excessive case inventory worth estimate relies on a 41% income discount or an estimated FBX Freight Index of 3500 and ZIM regressing again to their sector and trade EV/EBITDA multiples starting from 3 to 11. This brings my 2023 inventory worth goal to $40 at a low and $314 on the excessive, a rise of fifty% to 1000% compared to the worth of $27 seen as we speak.

HIT Investments

HIT Capital Inventory Value Estimates (HIT Capital)


In conclusion ZIM seems to be a stable and well-run enterprise, with a robust steadiness sheet, buying and selling at a deep low cost. The chance vs reward profile factors to ZIM being an incredible alternative to purchase and excessive threat to shorting when the freight charges equalize or enhance.