Good morning everybody. And a really heat welcome to HMS Albion, one of many Royal Navy’s most versatile vessels, often called the ‘Swiss Military knife’ of the British fleet.
And in the present day, persevering with that custom of adaptability, HMS Albion has turn into an impressive backdrop for this vital occasion to advertise and have fun innovators who’re serving to the delivery trade transfer in direction of a zero carbon future.
So let me thank Captain Simon Kelly and his crew – along with the Division for Worldwide Commerce and Ministry of Defence – for internet hosting us, as a part of the Web Zero Hub.
It’s a privilege to be on board.
Context: delivery and CO2
Inside a transport trade that at present produces round one-fifth of whole worldwide CO2 emissions, maritime has had a reasonably straightforward trip.
While street transport and aviation, 2 very seen types of journey which have turn into emblematic of our reliance on fossil fuels, are most frequently focused by worldwide local weather change protestors, world delivery has tended to be largely ignored, even though it emits extra greenhouse gases than aviation. And, like air journey, it’s truly rising its contribution to local weather change.
In reality, the CO2 that delivery produces yearly equates to three% of all carbon dioxide emitted by human exercise worldwide. And within the UK, home delivery alone produces extra greenhouse gases than rail and buses mixed.
The gas used for delivery continues to be a number of the most polluting fuels throughout all transport modes and, this, regardless of regulatory intervention limiting its sulphur content material.
And when you think about that maritime commerce is predicted to double over the following decade, you begin to perceive the size of the environmental problem this trade faces.
Motion is required now – vessels’ lifespan signifies that zero emission ships ought to begin being deployed by 2025 if we stand an opportunity to attain our 2050 goal.
However frankly, too little progress has been made in recent times.
Solely final month, the Intergovernmental Panel for Local weather Change grew to become the most recent knowledgeable organisation to emphasize that vital and fast cuts in greenhouse fuel emissions are wanted to keep away from the dire impacts that world warming would inflict on our surroundings.
Clearly, pressing and radical motion is required to place world maritime on a sustainable footing.
And meaning it’s as much as forward-thinking nations, working by means of worldwide organisations, to focus minds and place the trade on an irreversible course in direction of decarbonisation.
That’s the reason we’ve introduced on the greenest ever London Worldwide Delivery Week and simply 2 months earlier than we welcome the world to the COP26 convention in Glasgow that the UK will lead the clarion name to encourage different international locations in supporting a goal of absolute zero for worldwide delivery emissions by 2050.
There isn’t any doubt that this goal, which might have to be agreed by means of the Worldwide Maritime Group, requires a large dedication by delivery worldwide to lift its ambitions.
And but, as guests to London have seen this week, this trade is bursting with innovation.
Pioneering folks and enterprises who’re already creating the inexperienced maritime applied sciences and companies of the longer term. Not simply to play their half in tackling the local weather emergency, however to compete and develop our inexperienced financial system too. To create hundreds of jobs in rising maritime applied sciences and to know the massive alternatives that can open up out there for cleaner, extra fashionable delivery.
We’re already getting a style of how vessel designs will change. They would be the most fuel-efficient that this trade has constructed for the reason that transition from sail to steam energy.
Redesigned from the keel up, they’ll function optimised hull varieties, new rudder and propellor preparations, new foiling methods to scale back drag and improved wind help by means of sails and rotors.
For some slower ships carrying bulk merchandise, issues could go full circle – with steam giving technique to sail.
Innovation will unfold rapidly by means of the market. Even within the quick time period, we anticipate most ships will likely be between 35% and 45% extra environment friendly by the 2030s, and maybe a minimum of 50% extra environment friendly by the tip of that decade.
While by the 2040s, we anticipate to see the widespread introduction of ships that includes carbon-free propulsion, for instance, utilizing hydrogen, ammonia or high-density batteries.
Clear maritime competitors
Not solely will zero carbon delivery applied sciences be prepared nicely upfront of 2050, they’re already being examined in lots of international locations, together with right here within the UK.
That’s why I’ve simply challenged the trade to have zero emission vessels getting into industrial service within the UK by 2025 – corresponding to on cross-channel routes.
It’s the position of presidency to spark the creativity of our good maritime trade, to assist and incentivise probably the most pioneering minds and corporations across the UK, from the smallest start-ups to the most important companies, to develop a brand new industrial legacy for the longer term and generate many hundreds of expert jobs inside the sector.
This was the considering behind our Clear Maritime Demonstration Competitors. The most important such competitors within the division’s historical past.
And launched as a part of the Prime Minister’s Ten level plan for a inexperienced industrial revolution.
We didn’t anticipate it to be fairly as profitable because it proved, attracting functions from nicely over 300 organisations.
However this week we’ve been in a position to announce 55 winners, feasibility research and know-how trials everywhere in the nation, who will share a complete funding – with match funding – of over £33 million, which actually illustrates the various energy of the maritime sector throughout the nation.
Each one of many schemes will, in future, progress to real-world demonstrations serving to the federal government speed up the transition to internet zero in partnership with UK trade.
a inexperienced, hydrogen-powered submarine programme to construct vessels that can acquire poisonous microplastics from the ocean whereas transporting cargo between Glasgow and Belfast
an electrical chargepoint related on to an offshore wind turbine permitting boats to cost utilizing 100% renewable power from the turbine
a undertaking involving the College of Kent within the south east exploring the electrification of propulsion vessels within the Quick Straits ferry fleet
within the Midlands, an initiative involving Westfield Sports activities Vehicles, testing a brand new high-performance power storage system, which might be utilized to each street automobiles and vessels
and in Aberdeen, a undertaking testing the design of hydrogen powered vessels and methods to create inexperienced hydrogen instantly from offshore wind generators
There’s little question, the competitors to create the breakthrough applied sciences of tomorrow is hotting up. And we’re assured the profitable supply of those incredible applied sciences will play a significant half in serving to the UK obtain its internet zero targets.
Different UK measures
And that is simply the beginning. As we introduced within the latest launch of the UK Transport decarbonisation plan, we’re going to seek the advice of on a possible part out date for the sale of latest, polluting home vessels and fuels, and in the end set out a course to totally decarbonise UK maritime, step-by-step, from 2030.
We’re additionally exploring the set-up of a UK Delivery Workplace for Lowering Emissions – a devoted unit inside the Division for Transport targeted on decarbonising the maritime sector.
And earlier in the present day, additionally on board the HMS Albion, the federal government launched a inexperienced shipbuilding marketing campaign. As a maritime nation with a wealthy historical past, we’re proud to be on the forefront of the greener period for maritime, charting a world course for the way forward for clear delivery.
In all these markets, the UK is nicely positioned to spearhead innovation. We now have a lot expertise in naval structure, shipbuilding and marine gear, abilities which have been handed down from era to era and that at the moment are being tailored for a brand new period of maritime development.
Taking motion now will assist us lead the cost on decarbonisation, decreasing emissions and shaping the panorama for what clear delivery and commerce will appear to be for future generations.
It’s becoming that I can ship such a hopeful message about the way forward for delivery right here in Greenwich, a spot with such a wealthy maritime historical past, in a metropolis which has seemed outward for development ever for the reason that Port of London was created by the Romans 2,000 years in the past.
We’re pleased with our previous, however we have now our sights firmly set on the longer term. A future that will likely be pushed by globalisation, by competitors and revenue, simply because it at all times has been.
However that now should be joined by a brand new crucial, impressed by our shared dedication to guard the planet we stay on. Sure, delivery should develop, to fulfill the wants of the worldwide financial system. But it surely should develop responsibly. Inside a framework of carbon-cutting till there’s no extra carbon to chop.
The problem couldn’t be larger. However with the assistance of our Clear Maritime Competitors winners, we’ll work with a laser focus at house and globally, with our mates and companions by means of the Worldwide Maritime Group, in order that collectively we are able to make our imaginative and prescient for zero emission delivery a actuality.